Academic research is a necessity for students in higher education. A major component of ethical research is the proper use and understanding of citations. Understanding not only how to cite but why is essential to a working knowledge of information literacy. The following pages will provide a basic introduction to the various aspects of citation, including a definition as well as discussions of in-text citing and plagiarism. Don't forget to contact your librarian for further information on citation and information literacy.
According to Oxford language, a citation may be defined as a quotation from or reference to a book, paper, or author, especially in a scholarly work.
(CITATION | Definition of CITATION by Oxford Dictionary on Lexico.Com Also Meaning of CITATION, n.d.)
Writing a research paper involves finding and using the information found in books, journals, and websites. Where you find your information must be recorded in your paper. The recording of where you found your information is called citing your sources.
A "citation" is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source and is not your original idea/work. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, including: