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Citation Guides

Citation help for the major citation styles

BOOKS

Footnote or Endnote:

1. First name Last nameTitle of Book (Place of PublicationPublisherYear), page #.

Concise Note:

2Last Name, Book Title, page #. 

Corresponding Bibliography Entry:

Last name, First name. Title of BookPlace of publicationPublisherYear of publication

*When citing a print book in Chicago Style, remember to italicize the title and capitalize words other than articles (such as a, the, of, etc.) unless it's the first word of the title or first word after the colon. 

Additional Resources:

Footnote or endnote:

1. Randolph B. Campbell, Gone to Texas: A History of the Lone Star State (New YorkOxford University Press2003), 352.

Concise Note:

2Campbell, Gone to Texas: A History of the Lone Star State, 352. 

Bibliography: 

Campbell, Randolph B. Gone to Texas: A History of the Lone Star State. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Note: Two or more authors should be listed in the order they appear as authors, and not alphabetically. 

Footnote or endnote:

1. Robert Hariman and John Louis Lucaites, No Caption Needed: Iconic Photographs, Public Culture, and Liberal Democracy (ChicagoUniversity of Chicago Press, 2007), 284.

Concise Note:

2. Hariman and Lucaites, No Caption Needed: Iconic Photographs, Public Culture, and Liberal Democracy284. 

Bibliography: 

Hariman, Robert and Lucaites, John Louis. No Caption Needed: Iconic Photographs, Public Culture, and Liberal Democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

DATABASE ARTICLES

Footnote or endnote:

1. First name Last name, "Article Title," Journal Title Volume, no. Issue (Year): page #, Name of Database OR URL of journal article webpage

Concise Note:

2. Last Name, "Article Title," page #. 

Corresponding Bibliography Entry:

Last name, First name. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume, no. Issue (Year): Page range of article. Name of Database OR URL of journal article webpage.  

Journal Article with a DOI or Stable URL

Footnote or endnote:

1. Douglas N. Lantry, "Man in Machine: Apollo-Era Space Suits as Artifacts of Technology and Culture," Winterthur Portfolio 30no. 4 (1995)215, www.jstor.org/stable/4618514.

Concise Note:

2. Lantry"Man in Machine: Apollo-Era Space Suits as Artifacts of Technology and Culture," 215. 

Corresponding Bibliography Entry:

Lantry, Douglas N. "Man in Machine: Apollo-Era Space Suits as Artifacts of Technology and Culture." Winterthur Portfolio 30no. 4 (1995)203-30. www.jstor.org/stable/4618514.

 


Journal Article, No DOI or Stable URL

Footnote or endnote:

1. Helen Marshall et al., "Pandemic Influenza and Community Preparedness," American Journal of Public Health 99no. S2 (2009): S370, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection.

Concise Note:

2. Marshall et al."Pandemic Influenza," S370. 

Corresponding Bibliography Entry:

Marshall, Helen, Philip Ryan, Don Robertson, Jackie Street, and Maureen Watson. "Pandemic Influenza and Community Preparedness." American Journal of Public Health 99no. S2 (2009): S365-71. Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection.

WEBSITES

Footnote or endnote:

1. First name Last name, "Article Title," Title of Owner of Sitedate last modified or accessed, URL.

Concise Note:

2. Last Name, "Article Title."

Corresponding Bibliography Entry:

Last name, First name. "Article Title." Title of Owner of SiteDate last modified or accessed. URL.

 

* When citing a website in the Chicago Style, include an author (organization) if the site has one, along with as much of the above information as possible to find.  Try to locate and include the date the website's information was published or a "last date modified" (which reflects the most recent changes).  If you cannot find either of these dates, give the date you accessed the website (Accessed March 4, 2020).  

Additional Resources:

Footnote or endnote:

1. Nick Marsh"Famous Fictional Vets," Veterinary Business Development LtdNovember 15, 2016, https://www.vettimes.co.uk/famous-fictional-vets/.

Concise Note:

2. Marsh"Famous Fictional Vets."

Corresponding Bibliography Entry:

Marsh, Nick. "Famous Fictional Vets." Veterinary Business Development LtdNovember 15, 2016. https://www.vettimes.co.uk/famous-fictional-vets/.

Footnote or endnote:

1. "Illinois Governor Wants to 'Fumigate' State's Government," CNN.comlast modified January 30, 2009,  http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/01/30/illinois.governor.quinn/.

Concise Note:

2. "Illinois Governor."

Corresponding Bibliography Entry:

"Illinois Governor Wants to 'Fumigate' State's Government." CNN.comLast modified January 30, 2009.  http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/01/30/illinois.governor.quinn/.