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Engineering Research Guide

Citing Your Work

Citing Your Work 

Citing your work provides the reader with an honest representation of your research.  Citations tell readers about the sources used to write a paper and give proper credit to the authors of those sources.  Failing to cite your sources is academically dishonest, and could lead to charges of plagiarism.    

IEEE Style  

The Institute for Electrical & Electronic Engineers (IEEE) developed the IEEE citation style to standardize writing in engineering, computer science, and information technology.

In-text Citations & Reference List

  • In-text citations are used when a source is referred to in the body of a paper.  IEEE uses a bracketed in-text citation containing a number; the number refers to the source.  Sources are numbered in the order in which they appear in the paper/report. Once a source has been cited, the same number is used in all subsequent references in the paper/report. 
  • A list of sources cited is included at the end of the paper/report on a separate page.  The list is comprised of the sequential enumerated in-text citations with details about the source.  The list is NOT alphabetical, it follows a numerical, sequential order.  


 Carbonization resistance treatment guarantees the durability of waterlocks [1].

Reference List: 

Journal Article (electronic)

Z. Jinyang, “The tests and measures of concrete ageing and steel bar corrosion of the salt free contaminated inland waterlocks,” Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 71-78, July, 2011. [Online serial]. Available: [Accessed Sept. 2, 2017].

Technical Writing Resources