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Citation Guides

Citation help for the major citation styles

Works Cited Entry: BOOK

Trissel LA. Handbook on injectable drugs. 16th ed. Bethesda, MD: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists; 2011.

►►►Author(s). Book Title. Edition number (if applicable). City, State (or country of publication): Publisher; Publication Year.

When citing a book, remember to use the title page and the copyright page for your information.  This is where you can find the author, title, and all the publication information.

Works Cited Entry: ARTICLE FROM A RESEARCH DATABASE (Journal Article)

1. If a DOI (digital object identifier) is provided, use Option 1 below to do the citation. The DOI can be found on the first page of the article or on the information page. Ex: DOI:10.1126/scitranslmed.3010274

Reardon G, Pandya N, Bailey RA. Falls in nursing home residents receiving pharmacotherapy for anemia. Clin Interv Aging. 2012;7:397-407. doi:10.2147/CIA.S34789.

►►►Author(s). Title. Abbreviated Journal Title. Year of Publication;volume number(issue number):inclusive pages. doi:

2. If there is not a DOI listed, then give the web site address (URL), the publication date, and the date accessed.

Carroll MD, Kit BK, Lacher DA, Shero ST, Mussolino ME. Trends in Lipids and Lipoproteins in US Adults, 1988-2010. JAMA. 2012;308(15):1545-1554. Accessed October 17, 2012. 

►►►Author(s). Title. Abbreviated Journal Title. Year of Publication;volume number(issue number):inclusive pages. URL. Published [Date]. Updated [Date]. Accessed [Date].

Works Cited Entry: WEB SITE

International Academy of Compounding Pharmacists. What is compounding? IACP. Protecting, promoting & advancing pharmacy compounding. Published 2012. Accessed October 18, 2012.

Author(s), if given (often, no authors are given). Title of the specific item cited (if none is given, use the name of the organization responsible for the site). Name of the Web site. URL [provide URL and verify that the link still works as close as possible to publication]. Published [date]. Updated [date]. Accessed [date]. 

In-Text Citations

What is an in-text citation? 

Brief source information in the body of your paper that signals you are using information you got from somebody else AND which points your reader to that source's full citation (if they want to investigate further). 

Every time you quote, paraphrase, or summarize an external information source, you must provide an in-text citation directly after this to document and identify from where that information comes.

Citing Sources in the Text

Each reference should be cited in the text, tables, or figures in consecutive numerical order, using superscript Arabic numerals. Use superscript numerals outside periods and commas, but inside colons and semicolons. Avoid placing a superscript reference citation immediately after a number. Only surnames of authors are used in the text.


• Smith¹ reported 8 instances of infection.

• The 2 largest studies to date included 35 patients² and 40 patients.³


"AMA Manual of Style Citation Guide." The Ohio State University: University Libraries. The Ohio State University. n.d. Web. 30 March 2015.